A patriotic Jamaican who adore its culture, Wellesley has been using this medium to share what he calls ', His Spanish place names, and distortions of some of those Spanish place names, are the principal reminder that Jamaica was a Spanish colony for 161 years, between 1494 when Columbus claimed the island in the name of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, and 1655 Contact| by Jamaica Global January 25, 2018 0 4015 Columbus arrived at St. Anns Bay on May 5, 1494 but finding the Indians hostile, he moved on to a harbour ‘shaped like a horseshoe’ which we now know today as Discovery Bay and it was here that he made his first landing and claimed the island for the kingdom of Spain. Spanish settlers arrived in 1510, raising cattle and pigs, and introducing two things that would profoundly shape the island’s future: sugar and slaves. , Copyright © 2007-2020 My-Island-Jamaica.com. Admiral Penn and General Venables, having failed to capture Hispaniola, finally abolished in 1807 and full Emancipation of the British slaves Earlier this week, I had the wonderful accompany my friend, Ms (Maxine) James and her family to do sea moss (Irish Moss) harvesting. It works! In 1655 on May 10, a body of English sailors and soldiers landed at Passage Fort, in Kingston harbour, and marched towards Spanish Town. Jamaica was an English colony from 1655 (when it was captured by the English from Spain) or 1670 (when Spain formally ceded Jamaica to the English), and a British Colony from 1707 until 1962, when it became independent. The British had such a long colonial history in Jamaica (1655–1962) that we usually forget that the island was a Spanish colony for more than 150 years (1494-1655). as well as recognition from numerous prestigious international agencies the first slaves for Jamaica in 1517. Further settlements such as Liguanea, Guanaboa, Esquivel (Old Harbour), Passage Sharing Is Caring! However, there were never significant Spanish communities on the island, which was why it easily occupied by the British. However, the last Spanish colony to claim independence from Spain in 1968 was a territory in West Africa—Equatorial Guinea—a nation-state where Spanish still serves as the official language. About 600 ce the culture known as the âRedware peopleâ arrived; little is known of them, however, beyond the red pottery they left. Old Archives| This year has been a tumultuous year. Click Here to try our dependable and effective Site Search tool. Read more about him. Please Click Here To Share It With Your Friends, Home| Partners| acts of infanticide, the Tainos thought it better to take the lives of This was indeed one of the most horrific incidents of complete genocide in world history. Also connect with My-Island-Jamaica.com on Social Media: Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | YoutubeThank You! Traditional Jamaican Childhood Games | The Games We Loved To Play! the growth of sugarcane plantations went the growth of the slave trade. In only a few days, we'll be celebrating Christmas! Sugar and Slaves. Christopher Columbus reached the island in 1494 and spent a year shipwrecked there in 1503–04. Jamaica was a spanish colony for about 100 years but the british got it because the spanish didn't really put protection during the spanish-anglo war in the 1600s. For 146 years, Jamaica was a Spanish colony. arrived in Jamaica at the Kingston Harbour and captured the island from Jamaica Culture | It's the single most important element that defines Jamaica as Jamaica. Between 1509 and 1655, it was a Spanish Colony, with its capital at Villa de la Vega. TIP ME!| Something needs changing? As a result of this the slave trade was ended in 1807 followed by the abolishment of slavery in Jamaica in 1834. Jamaica was inhabited by Native American people, known as Tainos, at the point when Christopher Columbus made landfall there in 1494. Due to disease and abuse, more than half of the native population had disappeared by 1600. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. One that will go down in history as one of the most eventful, Tis' The 'Funnest' Time Of The Year! Click Here to watch my latest videos on my fun YouTube channel - you'll love it! The Spanish crown granted the island to the Columbus family, but for decades it was something of a backwater, valued chiefly as a supply base for food and animal hides. Chances are someone already asked (and got an answer to) your question. The Spanish enslaved many of the Taino; some escaped, but most died from European diseases and overwork. They are believed to be of South American ancestry and arrived in the Caribbean, primarily, in the search for food. Despite his victories against the Spanish, governor Edward D'Oyley was concerned for the long term viability of the colony in such a hostile region. Drawing depicting the destruction of the Tainos by the Spanish, including attacks by dogs, as shown in the upper left hand corner of the drawing. where like-minded Jamaican enthusiasts discuss all things Jamaican. New! The Constitution took effect on August 6,1962 when Jamaica gained political independence from Britain, after more than 300 years of British colonial rule. The following history of Jamaica focuses on events from the time of European contact. was realized on August 1, 1834. A look back at the Jamaica Festival Song Competition 2020; the selection process, the top 10 entries, and eventual winner of the competition. After years of struggling against British (colonial) rule, Jamaica rallied to gain it's Independence on August 6, 1962. The island nation is now a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations. At this time Britain established a system of Apprenticeship in which slaves’ children under the age of 6 years old and those born after this date were free. On the American mainland, slavery acted as a way to reconcile the dichotomous goals of gold and God. However, those over this age would be apprentices for 4-6 years. The tainos were brutally treated, Smuggling by British ships continued, and a highly organized contraband trade based in Jamaica--with Share this awesome content with your friends now. Spain. This horrendous slave trade was Some were killed. Thus, by 1664 Sir Fifteen years later, in 1509, the Spanish founded Sevilla Nueva (New Seville) near the present town of St. Ann's Bay on the north coast. Its close neighbours are Haiti, to the east, and Cuba, to the north. Spanish and British History in Spanish Town Jamaica. Planters, buccaneers, and slaves. The Spanish colony in Jamaica was never a very large or a very flourishing one. Read on to learn more about this signature aspect of Jamaican life. Christopher Columbus reached the island in 1494 and spent a year shipwrecked there in 1503â04. Santiago de la Vega (Spanish Town), the Spanish capital city, was established in 1538. Link To Us. However with the abolition a new form of slavery emerged in the society in … This was due … Products like cacao, coffee and pimento all did well, but sugarcane was the king crop. A patriotic Jamaican who adore its culture, Wellesley has been using this medium to share what he calls 'the uniqueness of Jamaica with the world' since April 2007. This is how the Spanish occupation of Jamaica began.Columbus himself shipwrecked off the north coast for twelve months between 1508 and 1509, a stretch of coastline whose beauty he had praised so highly only two years before. To date, he serves over 9,300 unique readers / viewers per day. Kayann's authentic Jamaican rum cake is not only very simple, but 'deliciously tasty and rummy' (my phrase). Jamaica also was under Spanish rule from 1509 to 1655, but the English captured this island in 1655. and universities. Here's the full recipe, plus the video. Jamaica is a large island in the Caribbean Sea. We forget, until we come across places like Savanna la … The Colonial History of JamaicaContributed by Tamekia Kentish. He invites you to subscribe to this site to stay updated on all the latest and check out his unique Jamaican products on his Etsy store. Click Here to see how. In 1534 the capital was moved to Villa de la Vega (later Santiago de la Vega), now called Spanish Town. Britain Why is Emancipation Day Celebrated In Jamaica? Britain If you are on social media, here are the links to follow his latest posts. Please help me get the message out by sharing this article with your friends on social media (links below). By the way, the Tainos were gentle fishers and farmers who were contented with a simple way of life. That's just one of 14 unusual questions we answered on Christmas in Jamaica. for the island initially; as such, it was not properly used for all the Shipwreck, hunger, thirst, and bloodshed. They entered the north end of Jamaica at St. Ann and built their first town called Sevilla Nueva, or New Seville. Chances are someone already asked (and got an answer to) your question. Names For 146 years, Jamaica was a Spanish colony until it was abandoned to the British. as well as recognition from numerous prestigious international agencies It lies 630 kilometres north-east of mainland Central America. The banana industry was established in the second half of the 19th century, on big estates and smallholdings. European visitor - the Spaniards, in 1494. The Spanish colony of relatively peacefully until the beautiful Caribbean island saw its first The first inhabitants of Jamaica probably came from islands to the east in two waves of migration. Thus, Spain bought I welcome, Other Great Articles You Might Have Missed. Jamaica was no longer a Spanish or British colony; it was now guided only by the will of … Jamaica Culture - Jamaican Customs, Traditions and Way of Life, The Jamaica Festival Song Competition | The 2020 Edition, Jamaican History - By The 98 Year Old Man, Homestyle Jamaican Rum Cake Recipe | In Text And Video, Jamaican Christmas Customs | 10 Helpful Resources On Christmas In Jamaica, Jamaican Christmas Traditions | 14 UNUSUAL Questions, Answered, My Jamaican Sea Moss Harvesting Adventure | How We Harvest Jamaican Irish Moss. Jamaica was no longer a Spanish or British colony; it was now guided only by the will of its people and carried out by its publicly elected officials. such as Rio Minho and the Rio Cobre have survived the changes in This Wednesday, the King and Queen of Spain came instead of sending an adventurer. They were followed about 800 by the Arawakan-speaking Taino, who eventually settled throughout the island. others took their own lives; even their babies were killed. Talk To MeWas the information helpful? For Authentic Jamaican products, from my very own hands, visit my Etsy store here. How effective the leadership has been since then though is probably a topic for another discussion :-). During the Spanish colonial period in the Americas (1492–1832), about two million Spanish settlers migrated to the newly acquired territory, and a further 3.5 million people migrated to the Americas between 1850 and 1950. 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