Early, hard freezes happening before fall leaf drop may damage their wood. If you think you can't grow pomegranates because of the climate you live in though, think again! It was found in the Indus valley so early that there is a word in Sanskrit for pomegranate. The flowers are scarlet, the fruit only 2 in (5 cm) wide but borne abundantly. Space pomegranate trees in nitrogen-rich soil 12 to 14 feet apart in their beds, and allow 14 to 17 feet between beds. The pomegranate shrub is drought tolerant, though irrigation is needed for proper fruit production, per the California Rare Fruit Growers (CRFG). Spanish explorers took them to America in the 16th century and the trees did very well in California. Indoor nighttime temperatures should range from 50 to 60°F (10 to 16°C) in the growing season and 40 to 45°F (4 to 7°C) in winter. Unbelievable? Botanic name: Punica granatum. Pomegranate trees need a location with full sunlight. Hard-seeded varieties are typically more cold hardy than soft-seeded varieties. They grow very well on the moderately alkaline soils of South Texas and northern Mexico, as well as the slightly acidic soils in East Texas. Interesting Facts About Pomegranate Leaves. However, they will not do well in heavy clay unless it is heavily amended to promote good drainage. The pomegranate may begin to bear in 1 year after planting out, but 2-1/2 to 3 years is more common. So if you dream about growing pomegranates, you’re not alone. Avoid growing pomegranates from seed because they do not grow true. In cooler zones a containerized Pomegranate can be relocated indoors for the winter months. ‘Wonderful’ and ‘Russian Red’ make a successful combination. Characteristics. However, some varieties are more frost hardy and can be grown in Zone 7B, with winter temperatures as low as 5 °F (-14.9 °C). We explore where they grow -- and how they’ll grow best for you. Luckily, they store well and are often available through December and even into January some years. In the U.S. that usually translates to USDA plant hardiness zones 8 through 11, depending on cultivar. While not grown commercially in Texas, pomegranate trees can grow in the state and perform best in south, central and southeast Texas where the climate is warmer. Frost damages pomegranates in varying degrees, depending on where they grow: Pomegranates flourish in desert environments, including Saudi Arabia where the thermometer regularly tops 120°F (48.9°C). There are only two forms of pomegranate: Punica granatum and Punica protopunica. Many cultivars are grown, including 'Granada de China' and 'Granada Agria'. In addition to India and Iran, Afghanistan, Morocco, Spain and Turkey produce high-quality fruit. Iran, the pomegranate’s original home, is the second largest producer. Pomegranates grow in all areas of Australia except the tropics. Irrigation is usually unnecessary. From sand to heavy clay, pomegranates handle almost any soil. Depending on which problem you have, plant a humidity-tolerant cultivar such as ‘Russian Red’ or a low-split variety like ‘Francis.’. A vibrantly colored fruit with an impressive nutritional profile, the pomegranate has become a go-to choice for health-conscious juicers and snackers. Pomegranate trees (Punica granatum) thrive in areas with long, hot and relatively dry summers and cool winters. However, they will grow in acidic sandy loams and alkaline calcareous soils or even – as in common in India – rocky gravel. The fruit is grown in the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Henan. At a 3,700-foot elevation, Bowie is a vibrant, fast-growing agricultural area including large plantings of pistachio and pecan in recent years. Even they, however, should be planted in a wind-sheltered spot. WIN-Initiative / Getty Images. If they’re in low-nitrogen sand, increase the spacing by half. Seeds are eaten raw, cooked or dried and the fruit may be juiced. Pomegranates are easy to grow, delicious fruit producing trees often producing over 50 pounds per year. The pomegranate tree is easy to grow in your Mesa garden. They’ll tolerate some salt and brief periods of standing water. Common pomegranate is a dense, leafy shrub, often growing to two or even four meters. Pomegranates prefer alkaline soil (pH 6.5 to 7.0 or higher). They do best in neutral to slightly acidic soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 7. If you have the room, planting two or more trees is the way to go. Tulare, Fresno and Kern counties have the largest pomegranate orchards, although there are also smaller plantings in Imperial and Riverside counties. Grow pomegranates in well-drained soil; deep loamy soil is best. Common name: Pomegranate. Most pomegranate varieties grown in India, the Mediterranean countries and the U.S. experience frost damage between 8° and 15°F (-13.3°C and -9.4°). Caring for Pomegranate Tree Saplings. While full sun and high heat may sunburn a few fruits on one side, it won’t hurt their quality at all. Keep fresh pomegranates at room temp for up to 2 weeks or in the refrigerator for 2 months. While not all of us reside in such climactic regions, the good news is that growing a pomegranate in a pot is entirely possible. Pomegranates grow best in hot, dry climates. Some pomegranates tolerate salt better than do other commercial fruit crops. It’s best to plant trees in the spring or fall in warm places like … Growing popularity of pomegranate fruits in china continues to increase by each day making it a large consumer of its products which is sold in most of the cities in the country. Simply wash the fruit well before juicing. nana, is especially hardy and widely grown as an ornamental in pots. Most pomegranates grown in the United States come from California and are in season from the end of September through November. A soil pH of 5.5 to 7.5 is optimal. Where the soil or water contains lots of salt or the annual rainfall exceeds 32 inches, however, they benefit from additional drainage. Two pomegranates of the same variety will cross pollinate, but commercial growers recommend planting different cultivars. Pomegranates Are Loaded With Important Nutrients. Living in a colder area won’t disqualify you from growing pomegranates, as long as you stick to a super-hardy cultivar such as ‘Russian Red’ or ‘Russia 26.’ They grow in USDA zone 6 and tolerate winter lows of 8°F and 3°F (-13.3°C and -15.5°C), respectively. Either amend the soil with coarse sand and/or use raised beds to ensure adequate drainage. It works well as a specimen or accent plant in borders, in a hedgerow or as part of a Mediterranean themed garden. Its tubular blooms begin to appear in late May and early June, providing nice spring color, while the fruit ripens from September to October. Caring for Your Pom Water the pom immediately after planting it. Plant the tree in full sun and don’t crowd with other plants. Pomegranates grow on a shrub-like tree. Pomegranates are highly adaptable and grow in a wide range of soils. P. granatum leaves are opposite or subopposite, glossy, narrow oblong, entire, 3–7 cm (1 ⁄4–2 ⁄4 in) long and 2 cm ( ⁄4 in) broad. Native to dry regions and drought tolerant, pomegranates must have well-drained soil. Late summer humidity may cause the ripening fruit to split. But you must purchase FRUITING pomegranate varieties. Grenada is now becoming the most popular variety. Choose a dwarf variety such as Punica granatum ‘Nana.’ Your pomegranate must have well-drained soil – be careful not to over-water. The dwarf variety ‘Nana’ will grow in a container and overwinter indoors. Pomegranates will grow happily, flower and fruit in a pot or in-ground. 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