The Middle Colonies were founded to work as a buffer between New England and Spanish-controlled Florida. (See the map on page 86.) Pennsylvania- The founder of Pennsylvania is William Penn. New York - It was founded by the Dutch, and was referred to as the New Netherland . Some of the people  went there because of the raw materials which are good farmland, furs, coal, and iron ore. One of the reasons why they fled because of Indians. In 1680, the king gave William Penn 45,000 square miles of land, which became Pennsylvania. What was social life like in the Middle Colonies? b.) King Charles II gave his brother James, the Duke of York, the land between New England and Virginia in 1664. Companies in Europe also wanted to do business in the colonies. What is "bread basket" 100. The Middle Colonies consisted of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Delaware. a) They were home to diverse immigrants, they were a center of trade, and they eventually came under British control. . Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period. The Middle Colonies were explored by Henry Hudson for the Dutch East India Company in 1609, sailing up the Hudson River to present-day Albany, New York, and along the Delaware Bay. William Penn paid 1200 pounds for the land he purchased from the Delaware Indians. But Penn’s conviction that in religion “force makes hypocrites; ’tis persuasion only that makes converts” led him to institute a policy of religious tolerance that drew other persecuted sects to Pennsylvania. New York: Founded in 1626 by the Dutch and initially called New Netherlands, the colony of New York was renamed to its current name by the Duke of York, after the King of England gave it to him following the colonies … Founders of the Middle Colonies. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Additionally, the Middle Colonies were founded to provide greater agricultural opportunities. The Middle Colonies included New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. The Middle Atlantic Colonies were a part of the original Thirteen Colonies that would later become The United States of America. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. NEW YORK (1664) New York was originally New Amsterdam, the capital of the originally named New Netherlands, which was founded in 1620. The middle colonies were known for their freedom of religion. They could believe in different religions, everyone didn't have to believe in the same thing. or lords, and the religious tolerance also brought people to the colony. The Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies were New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware.They were located between New England to the north and the Chesapeake region to the south. The Middle Colonies were New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. The Middle Colonies were a part of the former Thirteen Colonies of the 18th century. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Many people from different places moved to Pennsylvania because of the tolerance there. The people of Pennsylvania were allowed to vote for a representative. Located in the middle of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined the industry of the North with the agriculture of the South. The agreement written by the Pilgrims that outlined their gvernment. A lot of the success of Pennsylvania and Delaware is owed to William Penn. Some of the people  went there because of the raw materials which are good farmland, furs, coal, and iron ore. One of the reasons why they fled because of Indians. Franklin set up the first trained fire fighting company in the 13 colonies, raised money to help build the city's first hospital, set up a militia army to protect the city and the rest of the colony. Are you a teacher? The religion of the Middle Colonies, as one would expect, was diverse. Describe the geography and climate of the middle colonies. William Penn, an English gentleman and member of the Society of Friends, founded the colony of Pennsylvania in the early 1680s as a haven for fellow Quakers. This could not be said of the middle colonies. The Middle Colonies soon became a very prosperous region, with new settlers arriving from Europe with money and plans for new lives in the New World. The colony of New Jersey was founded by Dutch explorers who colonized the area, then in 1664 a fleet of ships under the control of Colonel Richards Nicolls defeated the Dutch, thus annexing the land for England, the English then became the dominant owners and leaders of the area. Others wanted wealth and power. Delaware- The Province of Delaware was an English Colony in North America that existed from 1638 until 1776. The name of the colony was changed to New York in honor of the Duke. Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians were all represented, which made it impossible for one religion to dominate and gave a greater freedom of religion than any of the New England Colonies, with exception to Rhode Island. He was really the one that sent the people/settlers to live in the Middle colonies. In addition, the middle colonies were involved in fur trading. This land was Pennsylvania. Fearing the Spanish would attempt to expand further and move north from Florida, officials in the British government formed the Middle Colonies as a barrier. The Province of Delaware was an English Colony in North America that existed from 1638 until 1776. New Jersey- The Duke of York, gave some of his land to two of his friends, George Carteret and John Berkeley. New York was initially founded by the Dutch and was called New Amsterdam or New Netherlands. The land in the northern colonies was not fit for mass farming—the first settlers of Jamestown suffered from prolonged famines—and the mountainous terrain did not provide the open, fertile land needed to yield harvests. The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of … They produced a lot of lumber and built ships. People colonized to New Jersey because they wanted religious freedom. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Next to Great Britain, Spain was a major colonial power and a competitor in the establishment of influence in the western hemisphere. New York- It was founded by the Dutch, and was referred to as the New Netherland. The mid-A… It was founded by William Penn, a prominent Quaker who envisioned it as a haven not only for Quakers but for people of all persecuted religious minorities. The Duke of York George Carteret & John Berkeley Peter Minuit William Penn, Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. Delaware was a colony founded by Peter Minuit in 1638 due the fact that it was a proprietary colony. People went to this colony because of the generous land grants to patroons, or lords, and the religious tolerance also brought people to the colony. These two promised many benefits for colonizing including freedom of religion and a representative government. They were mostly catholic but civil unrest is Europe caused an influx of immigrants to the middle colonies and the new arrivals brought new religions. It was named after the Delaware River whose name was derived from of Sir Thomas West. Manhattan flourished … Lower Counties: Another term for Delaware Colony in the North American Middle Colonies from 1682 until 1776. . Log in here. Top subjects are Literature, History, and Law and Politics. The Middle Colonies. Jan 1, 1613 Duke of York Sending Settlers to New York New York was the first Middle colony colony.The people that started the first colony in the Middle colonies was the Dutch sent by the Duke of York. They were unusual, however, for their degree … We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! This was the first successful New England colony, founded by the Pilgrims. This was the nickname given to the Middle colonies because of the large amounts of wheat they were able to grow. Americans have often prided themselves on their rich diversity. 100. Eventually, the English claimed the land, it was given by King Charles I to his brother, The Duke of York. Most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival. Nowhere was that diversity more evident in pre-Revolutionary America than in the middle colonies of … The Delaware Colony was was founded in 1638 by. With Swedish funding, the third governor of New Netherland later founded the colony of New Swedenin the region around Delaware Bay i… The King of England owed Penn’s family, but instead of paying him he gave him land in the New World. The colony was founded in 1664 by the Duke of York. Restoration Colonies: In 1660, following the period known as the Interregnum, the Stuart Monarch was restored to the English throne. The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. They could believe in different religions, everyone didn't have to believe in the same thing. This land was Pennsylvania. New Jersey had a variety of people including Dutch, Swedes, Finns and Scots. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. What were some problems faced by the New York colony, and how did they solve them? They consisted of the future states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and sometimes Maryland.Today these areas are described as the Mid-Atlantic States.The middle colonies were the most ethnically and religously diverse of the 13 original colonies because they were also the most tolerant. Massachusetts Bay Colony, founded in 1630 by a group of Puritan refugees from England, followed this example. Farmers also had a convenient means to transport their Goods to the markets, where the crops were sold, and supplies were purchased. The Dutch further explored and charted the area in multiple voyages between 1610 and 1616; the first Dutch settlements were built in 1613 and the name New Netherland appeared on maps from 1614 on. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Summary. Some individuals wanted the freedom to practice religion in their own way. The Southern Colonies Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. William Penn: An English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony, and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. New York became a royal colony in 1685. The Middle Colonies had fertile soil; this made the Middle Colonies Ideal for farming. What was the culture of the Middle Colonies. Perhaps the most tolerant of the Middle Colonies was Pennsylvania. as safe havens for catholics and Quakers. The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. Sign up now, Latest answer posted September 23, 2017 at 8:29:10 PM, Latest answer posted December 14, 2014 at 4:30:51 PM, Latest answer posted February 09, 2017 at 3:11:59 PM, Latest answer posted April 14, 2019 at 12:28:10 PM, Latest answer posted March 23, 2018 at 4:07:54 PM. The middle colonies were founded a.) Next to Great Britain, Spain was a major colonial power and a competitor in the establishment of influence in the western hemisphere. as trading posts for fur c.) for profit and as strategic trading posts The Middle Colonies were explored by Henry Hudson on a journey into the Hudson River and Delaware Bay in 1609. Which statement is the most accurate description of the middle colonies in the 1700s? Although the Swedes and the Dutch fought over the land in the 1630s through the ultimately the Dutch claimed the land, calling it New Netherland. In 1664, James, the Duke of York, received control of New Netherland. Many people from different places moved to Pennsylvania because of the tolerance there. What was the economy of New York like in the 1600s? What is Plymouth. These varied motivations led to the growth of four Middle Colonies that soon flourished. Under his guidance, Philadelphia became a fabulous city, with broad, tree-shaded streets, stone and brick houses, and a bustling port. The Amana Colonies are seven villages on 26,000 acres (11,000 ha) located in Iowa County in east-central Iowa, United States: Amana (or Main Amana), East Amana, High Amana, Middle Amana, South Amana, West Amana, and Homestead.The villages were built and settled by German Pietists, who were persecuted in their homeland by the German state government and the Lutheran Church. Founding of the Middle Colonies. It was named after the Delaware River whose name was derived from of Sir Thomas West. Swedes, Dutch, English, Germans, and Africans were among the groups who came to these colonies. The Delaware Colony was was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit. The people of Pennsylvania were allowed to vote for a representative. Religious freedom, mild climate, and good farmland made the middle colonies a much easier place to live. The King of England owed Penn’s family, but instead of paying him he gave him land in the New World. According to a law passed in 1659, … The Dutch soon claimed the land. Already a member? These colonies would become the historical core of what would become the Southern United States, or "Dixie".They were located south of the Middle Colonies, albeit Virginia and Maryland (in their quality as northernmost colonies of the South) where also considered as the Chesapeake Colonies.. With the establishment of the Middle Colonies, farmers moved south and began to produce major cash crops such as cotton, tobacco, and grain. Benjamin Franklin, who helped improve the city in many ways. The Middle colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware. The Middle Colonies include New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. Why was New York founded? This method of transportation was traveling on … ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Middle Colonies were more cosmopolitan and tolerant than the New England colonies. The original 13 colonies of what became the United States of America can be divided geographically into the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. New England Colonies: Founding The Colonies, New England Colonies: Colonies in the Region, Middle Colonies-Problems or conflicts the colonists faced. He also founded Pennsylvania's first college and public library. The History of the Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware were founded in the early to late 1600s depending on the colony. Added 2019-11-07 19:43:38 subject History by Deleted. 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