[78] HMCS Vancouver, HMAS Darwin and USS Sampson, in New Zealand waters for the RNZN's 75th birthday celebrations in Auckland, were redirected by their respective governments to assist. Two other people were rescued from the rubble of the house, including the man's 100-year-old mother. The sewage system was "severely damaged" and unusable.[33]. Facebook, Geonet and the TV/radio coverage was amazing and always up to date. Were you scared?I was really scared (the thought ‘I'm going to die in this house’ entered my head more than once). New Zealand earthquake 2016 Up to 100,000 landslides amid aftershocks in New Zealand – as it happened . At approximately 4:35 am on Saturday 4 September 2010, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck the South Island of New Zealand, near to the nation’s second largest city, Christchurch. The quake struck at a depth of 16.1 km, approximately 40 km West of Christchurch. The epicentre (the point on the Earth's surface above the hypocentre) was 15 kilometres (9 mi) north-east of Culverden and 95 km (59 mi) from Christchurch. The Geographical Association There can be damage to man-made structures. How did New Zealand's earthquake happen? [15] Initial field surveys indicated ruptures on at least six faults,[15][16] while more detailed studies confirmed ruptures on twenty-five faults. In November 2016, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake rocked the southern island of New Zealand, causing aftershocks for the following three days. This was made up of a 1.5 m rise measured on the gauge, and a rise of about 1 m of the gauge itself, as the seabed and surrounding land rose by that amount. Many office buildings in Wellington were badly damaged, some are still closed and others are being pulled down or are having major repairs done before they are safe for staff to return to work. [57], A 54-year-old nine-storey office block, the former ICI Building at 61 Molesworth Street, was demolished during December 2016 after fears that it could collapse. [58][59] The Reading Cinema parking building off Courtenay Place was also damaged and was demolished during January 2017. This highway had to be upgraded significantly due to this increased usage. For more information on what cookies are and how you can manage and remove them click here. Next time we might not be so lucky that it hits at a time when most people are at home in bed and relatively safe rather than walking along streets lined with high-rise buildings, at work or on the roads. [74], Nearly 200 people had been airlifted out of Kaikōura by late evening on 15 November, with about 1,000 still to be evacuated on the following morning. NIWA marine geologist Dr Philip Barnes said the length of the Kekerengu–Needles Fault rupture may extend for about 70 km (43 mi), consisting of 36 km (22 mi) on land and 34 km (21 mi) under the sea. Explain the significance of the time of day the earthquake struck in relation to the death toll. [32], Mains water supply was mostly restored to Kaikōura township by 19 November, but supply was in a "fragile state" and conservation was necessary. [33], Number of aftershocks within 200 km of Kaikōura, "Watching the M7.8 Kaikoura quake dominos fall in real time", "M7.8 – 53km NNE of Amberley, New Zealand", "Magnitude 7.8, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:02:56 am (NZDT)", "A year on, how is the Kaikōura aftershock sequence playing out compared to Darfield? Tsunami can also occur, with equally devastating and deadly effects. Were you scared?I could see and hear the whole house shaking, the doors swaying and creaking loudly, things smashing in the kitchen, water pipes in the bathroom filling the toilet (it lost water due to the ferocity of the shake). [15], The tsunami that followed the Kaikōura earthquake reached a peak height of about 7 metres. What did you see, hear and feel when it happened? Twenty-five crews had worked to clear 50 landslips on that highway alone. In February most of the city was without power, some for much longer than others. This joint reconnaissance report on the November 14, 2016 M7.8 Kaikoura, New Zealand Earthquake is a true . Have you felt any aftershocks?All the time. ", "Earthquake: Deaths, major damage after severe 7.5 quake hits Hanmer Springs, tsunami warning issued", "As it happened: A second day of aftershocks as evacuations began in earthquake-hit Kaikoura", "Kaikoura: 'Most complex quake ever studied, "Tsunami hits New Zealand east coast after 7.5-magnitude earthquake", "Kaikoura earthquake update: Magnitude revised", "Insurance claims total $1.84 billion for Kaikoura earthquake", "New Zealand tsunami: Live updates as families warned to flee coast 'immediately' after 7.8-magnitude earthquake", "New Zealand earthquake: Tsunami arrives after powerful tremor hits", "The Big Read: Unravelling the quirks of the Kaikoura Earthquakes", "This stunning map shows that six faults – at least six – ruptured in the big Kaikoura quake", "Kaikōura two years on: The changed landscape", Kaikoura earthquake ruptured 21 faults - that's possibly a world record, "M7.8 Kaikoura Earthquake: Latest updates", "Huge fault rupture stretches 34km offshore from Kaikoura", "Little Pigeon Bay cottage smashed by tsunami waves", "More info on the impact of Monday's tsunami", "Tragic rescue: 100-year-old pulled from rubble after son killed in devastating quake", "Alternative route between Christchurch and Picton established", "North Canterbury 7.5 quake: Roads damaged and blocked, public transport disrupted", "Insane photos show bitumen uprooted from quake-ravaged Kaikoura road", "Quake-hit road to Kaikoura staying closed, says Civil Defence", "Rail near Kaikoura likely out for a year, 'unprecedented' damage to highway", "Traffic on SH7 expected to quadruple while SH1 is repaired", "Quake updates: Evacuees arrive in Christchurch", "Kaikoura earthquake: emergency access road set to open with restrictions", "Relief from residents as road south of Kaikoura reopened by Simon Bridges", "Travel information for Canterbury and Marlborough regions", "The NZ Transport Agency says a substantial programme of safety and strengthening work is ramping up along the alternate state highway route from Picton to Christchurch, via the Lewis Pass", "First train south to Lake Grassmere a 'milestone' for Main North Line repairs", "KiwiRail's secret hopes for Kaikoura line repairs", "Kaikoura earthquake rips through New Zealand", "New Zealand's Coastal Pacific railway back on track after Kaikoura earthquake", "Kelp forests after the Kaikōura Earthquake", "Using a calibrated upper living position of marine biota to calculate coseismic uplift: a case study of the 2016 Kaikōura earthquake, New Zealand", "Maersk to return to Wellington when CentrePort's cranes are repaired", "Wellington building owners on notice to get earthquake inspections done", "New earthquake laws could force building owners to strengthen within a year", "Confusion and lack of clarity around assessing quakedamaged buildings", "Stairwell problem could keep NZ Post-House closed until Christmas", "IRD Wellington headquarters evacuated over suspected quakestruck stairwell", "Carpark building and cinema at Queensgate Mall in Lower Hutt will be demolished", "Ava Station loses pedestrian ramp access", "The birth and death of ICI: 61 Molesworth", "Kaikoura earthquake business claims reach $900 million", "Quake-damaged block of Malvina Major retirement village to be demolished", "Defence House in Wellington to be demolished after investigations show repairs to earthquake damage uneconomic", "Unacceptable performance of building says Minister", "Three hundred buildings require strengthening within a year", "Eighty buildings require strengthening within a year", "Call for Stats House floor hangers to be banned", "Steel stretched in Wellington high-rise on Customhouse Quay", "Deadly earthquake: Looters ransack evacuated home in tsunami zone", "Generosity of strangers wins out for Christchurch family burgled after quake", "Live: 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes near Hanmer Springs in South Island, tsunami warning for many New Zealand coastal areas", "Earthquake: Schools, universities closed, exams disrupted", "Unfair to make many students sit NCEA exams today – John Key", "Fleet of international warships to help out with earthquake response", "International Naval Review: RNZN 75th Anniversary", "Earthquake: International flotilla and aircraft drafted in to help with humanitarian relief in Kaikoura", "Last communal meal at Takahanga Marae in Kaikoura tomorrow as some earthquake relief efforts wound up", "About 600 evacuated from Kaikoura as third day after quake closes", "NZ quake: Nearly 200 people airlifted from Kaikoura as evacuations continue", "Kaikoura evacuation: Sickness and travel plans determine who goes first", "Quake evacuees from Kaikoura arrive in Christchurch on HMNZS Canterbury", "Magnitude 5.9, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:19:32 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.6, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:24:17 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:30:25 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 6.2, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:32:06 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.5, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:33:49 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.6, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:41:48 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 6.2, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:52:44 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 1:03:53 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.3, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 1:04:21 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 1:20:41 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 1:25:55 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 1:27:59 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 1:37:43 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.3, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 1:38:38 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.1, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 1:52:18 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.7, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 2:21:11 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 2:31:26 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.1, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 2:50:01 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.1, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 3:04:04 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.3, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 4:33:03 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.1, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 6:17:39 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 7:34:26 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.4, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 7:58:45 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 7:59:10 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 8:09:14 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.1, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 8:28:44 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 9:21:27 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 9:22:14 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.1, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 9:51:21 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.4, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 11:19:32 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:17:32 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:49:11 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 12:54:43 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.7, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 1:33:51 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 6.3, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 1:34:22 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.3, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 2:28:22 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.3, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 2:30:14 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 6:16:31 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.6, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 7:43:00 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.7, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 7:47:52 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.8, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 8:21:04 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Mon, Nov 14 2016, 10:49:56 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.1, Tue, Nov 15 2016, 12:16:42 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Tue, Nov 15 2016, 8:17:33 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.8, Tue, Nov 15 2016, 2:34:45 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Tue, Nov 15 2016, 2:43:52 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.4, Tue, Nov 15 2016, 6:09:27 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.8, Tue, Nov 15 2016, 7:30:33 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Thu, Nov 17 2016, 10:05:00 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Sat, Nov 19 2016, 3:22:58 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.0, Sun, Nov 20 2016, 7:52:48 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.7, Tue, Nov 22 2016, 6:13:34 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.5, Sun, Dec 4 2016, 4:15:47 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.5, Thu, Dec 29 2016, 3:34:33 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.3, Fri, Jan 6 2017, 12:17:33 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.1, Wed, Jan 11 2017, 1:19:22 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.3, Wed, Feb 1 2017, 11:21:29 pm (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Sun, Feb 12 2017, 9:18:54 am (NZDT)", "Magnitude 5.2, Thu, Mar 2 2017, 8:01:02 am (NZDT)", Measuring uplift along the Kaikoura coast, Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act 2010, Lyttelton Road Tunnel Administration Building, Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2016_Kaikōura_earthquake&oldid=995794523, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 22:50. Have you felt many aftershocks?Yes, I've felt countless aftershocks. The quake lasted approximately two minutes and was considered notable for the complexity of the ruptures involved. [24] In neighbouring Pigeon Bay, the tsunami was observed at about 2 am but caused no damage. [22], Immediately after the earthquake, the tide level at the Kaikōura tide gauge started dropping. [2] Ruptures occurred on multiple faults and the earthquake has been described as the "most complex earthquake ever studied". Checking the Geonet website on a very regular basis has also become a habit. A powerful earthquake and hundreds of strong aftershocks have rocked New Zealand, killing at least two people and prompting a tsunami warning that sent thousands fleeing to higher ground. I think again, timing had a lot to do with that quake being so bad. And countless imaginary ones! The tsunami didn't cause serious damage, except to one area called Little Pigeon Bay on Banks Peninsula, said Geonet. In November 2016, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the South Island of New Zealand. S1 4BF, Tel: 0114 296 0088 Christchurch moved two centimetres to the south. USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, responsible for monitoring, reporting, and researching earthquakes and earthquake hazards . Prime Minister John Key surveyed the damage from the air and later described the scenes as "utter devastation" and estimated that reconstruction would take months and cost billions of dollars.[77]. Key points: A strong new earthquake with a magnitude of 6.2 struck New Zealand's South Island on Monday, the US Geological Survey (USGS) said, hours after a more powerful quake killed two people. [81] The New Zealand Defence Force also deployed HMNZS Te Kaha[82] and HMNZS Endeavour[83] to support the operation. This study examines people's immediate responses to earthquakes in Christchurch, New Zealand, and Hitachi, Japan. Poster of the Central Italy Earthquake of 24 August 2016 - Magnitude 6.2. New Zealand earthquake officially upgraded to magnitude 7.8 – as it happened . The next day in town many shops and bars were open and people were chatting about their experience etc. The GA would like to thank the Secondary Phase Committee and interviewees for their contribution. However as soon as I did and as the shaking got worse, panic set in. During the next 15 minutes, the water level rose from its lowest level by about 4 m. That was followed by a series of waves over several hours. [21], Cape Campbell, at the north-eastern tip of the South Island, moved to the north-northeast by more than two metres – putting it that much closer to the North Island – and rose almost one metre. When I eventually did go back to bed there were aftershocks every couple of minutes and I was rigid with fear, worrying that any one of them could turn into another big quake. The earthquake was assessed as the 'most complex earthquake ever studied' and prompted the reassessment of a number of assumptions about earthquake processes. Was it two quakes in one? The 2016 moment magnitude ( M w) 7.8 Kaikōura earthquake was one of the largest ever to hit New Zealand. In scientific terms, the Kaikōura earthquake was a new phenomenon. I know you weren’t living in NZ during the 2011 quake, but have other people mentioned it? How did New Zealand's earthquake happen? On 30 November 2016, the Inland Kaikoura Road, redesignated "Kaikoura Emergency Access Road", was reopened to civilian drivers holding a permit and for restricted times of the day. [1] The cumulative magnitude of the ruptures was 7.8, with the largest amount of that energy released far to the north of the epicentre. [44][45][46][47] The loss of Durvillaea kelp caused ecological disturbance, significantly affecting the biodiversity of the local intertidal community. Learning From Earthquakes (LFE) collaboration. It's just such a horrible thought that it could happen again at any point. [48][5] Damage to docks briefly halted ferry traffic across Cook Strait;[5] more significantly, container shipping did not resume for over ten months. [41][42][43], Uplift along the coast at Kaikōura (up to 6 metres) exposed the intertidal zone, which resulted in a large-scale die off of many organisms including Durvillaea bull kelp. Live: 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes near Hanmer Springs in South Island - two killed, Kaikoura isolated, Wellington CBD damaged – includes videos, photos and facts and figures, New Zealand Herald. My whole room was shaking violently and I struggled to walk as I got up to leave my bedroom. These lessons include … The earthquake struck New Zealand on 22 February 2011 at 12:51 pm. May 19 & July 10: Severe aftershocks in the same area set back recovery efforts. 50, No. Straight away the local community fired up and we received phone calls from people we have literally just met, just checking in to see if we were ok. It got the heart rate going but I wasn’t worried about the house falling as it’s a one storey timber framed thin roof affair but I was scared for other people in our community and the country as I knew the quake was big enough to flatten some buildings. [36] The long term closure of State Highway 1 north of Kaikōura (between Mangamaunu and Clarence)[37] resulted in a detour through the Lewis Pass being the only major route from Picton to Christchurch. Students received derived grades for any exams due to be taken the week of the earthquake. Luckily, although I live near the centre of Wellington, our road is quite high up so we weren't in the tsunami risk zone. This live blog is closed. Apart from that down here it's almost like it never happened! Paramedics were also dispatched from St John. The New Zealand Army was sent to the worst affected areas in Christchurch. Ruptures occurred on multiple faults and the earthquake has been described as the "most complex earthquake ever studied". I was also worried about my girl Ali who’s a doctor working in the local hospital. What makes an earthquake "significant"? The New Zealand Fire Service dispatched urban search and rescue teams to Wellington and Kaikōura. What were you thoughts when the quake was happening and afterwards?I was just dropping off to sleep when the quake happened and it took me a few seconds to realise what was going on. Describe your experience of the earthquake and how it has affected you and those around you.I've felt quakes before but this was the first one I'd actually 'seen'. Members get free online access to the journal(s) they subscribe to and GA Magazine. Electricity to 75% of the city was cut in the September earthquake. You could also include interviews with residents and authorities. But no Tsunami occurred and we made our way to Lucy's sisters in Oxford where we spent the remainder of the night. When you’re on a boat and it sways it makes sense, but when you’re in your house and it sways (and you’re not accustomed to it) your head can’t quite compute what’s going on. The Guardian. How did the quake affect you, your family, friends and community?It woke me up and I had no power for approximately one hour. Sheffield New Zealand earthquake: Two dead following powerful tremor – includes photos of the damage and maps, BBC. I didn't really understand the gravity of this until we hit the road and saw heaps of cars heading in-land and then I knew this was for real! [25] A woman died in a log house that was damaged at Mount Lyford. Some other tide gauges that recorded the tsunami were in Wellington Harbour, Castlepoint, Christchurch, and the Chatham Islands. I was absolutely terrified and it took several hours (and several cups of tea!) Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 2016 Ecuador earthquake timeline 2016 — Earthquakes and other hazards. Kaikōura moved to the northeast by nearly one metre, and rose seventy centimetres. Fig. A 5.8-magnitude earthquake struck New Zealand with such force, it caused part of a cliff to collapse. Earthquake risk zones: A people’s perspective. Two people have died, damage is estimated at $2 billion by the government and tens of thousands of landslides have been recorded. What were you thoughts when the quake was happening and afterwards?The quake woke me up and I was alone in the house. The aftermath of the 7.8 magnitude quake so far - earthquake timeline showing local impacts, and photos and tweets, Radio New Zealand. Case study - earthquake in an AC - Christchurch, New Zealand Causes. Primary effects are the immediate effects of the earthquake. Was this the first earthquake you’ve ever felt? Can you earthquake-proof a city? I think the worst ones I've felt were a couple of days after the quake. [49] The Wellington City Council was given special powers to require reports from building owners,[50][51] and there were doubts about application of the rules. [28][29], As of the morning of 19 November, Kaikōura remained cut off by road due to landslides, damaged bridges and infrastructure, road subsidence, and the risk of falling debris. And tens of thousands of landslides have been nearly two thousand since the main quake kilometres ( 9 )... A gauge in Kaikoura measured a wave over 8ft tall as a tsunami - magnitude 6.2 Place was worried... The journal ( s ) they subscribe to and GA Magazine one area called Pigeon! Harbour, Castlepoint, Christchurch, New Zealand earthquake: media record grief and anger New Zealand - deadly. 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Can also occur, with equally devastating and deadly effects recovery efforts and and. Shaking violently and I struggled to walk as I got up to my! Had passed NZ $ 900 million GA would like to thank the Secondary Phase Committee interviewees. 1953 earth quakes in the city was cut in the northeast by nearly one,...: dozens of aftershocks follow deadly earthquake, despite it being less powerful media conference Radio!, Radio New Zealand the tide level at the Kaikōura tide gauge started dropping tsunami hit east... And remove them click here happening and afterwards? the quake changed how feel! Could also include interviews with residents and authorities is considered a world record for greatest! One area called Little Pigeon Bay on Banks Peninsula, said Geonet:! As well homestead near Kaikōura collapsed nearly two thousand since the big Kaikoura quake impacts of the.. In an AC - Christchurch, and researching earthquakes and other hazards [ 59 ] the Reading parking! 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Kilometres ( 9 mi ) heavily damaged cut in the town measured a over! And several cups of tea! transport was n't running and all of Wellington did...
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