Connecticut Culture Religion in Connecticut. In the middle of the 17th century, the government restricted voting rights with a property qualification and a church membership requirement. In the towns, hundreds of houses dating from the 17th and 18th centuries are preserved by more than 100 local or national historical societies. Along the coast, traditional seaports like Mystic Harbor and Madison provide wonderful, historic maritime environments. Inland, the river valleys are dotted with colonial-era towns that have been rejuvenated by wealthy newcomers, artists, and craftspeople. Its towns and cities fell into a slump that continues even today. 15. The colony was later the scene of a bloody war between the colonists and Pequot Indians known as the Pequot War. There are also large groups of Roman Catholics and non-religious residents. The American Revolution cut off imports from Britain and stimulated a manufacturing sector that made heavy use of the entrepreneurship and mechanical skills of the people. Oliver Wolcott was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and also of the Articles of Confederation, as a representative of Connecticut and the nineteenth governor. The first English settlers moved inland from the Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, founding the towns of Windsor (1633), Wethersfield (1634), and Hartford (1636). These laws as amended were still in effect in 1774 and remained in force until 1782. They bought the land that they settled from the natives. They hunt in the woodlands and fish in the streams. In agriculture, there was a shift from grain to animal products. George Wyllys, Thomas Welles, and John Webster, also Hartford men, sat in the governor's chair for brief periods in the 1640s and 1650s. He was key in the development of the new colony including inspiring the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. During the American Revolution, it was the only colony of the 13 that didn’t suffer from internal fighting. Puritanism was the dominant religion in Connecticut Colony. Roger Wolcott was a weaver, statesman, and politician from Windsor, and he served as governor from 1751 to 1754. This was led by John Davenport, but was later merged with Hartford in 1662 by King Charles II. 1 Religion played a monumental role in the social structure of the colony. It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. In 1662, the Connecticut Colony was granted a Royal Charter from the King of England making it an official English colony. Revolutionary War In the 1700s, the American Colonies began to be unhappy with English rule. Much of the land settled by the colonists was purchased from the Mohegan Indians. It produced fishing, corn and wheat. The Native Americans in Connecticut gave the Connecticut its name and were commonly used since the early 1600s. Reasons Founded: escape religious persecution in Massachusetts and new business ventures Pequot War. Soon the Dutch were getting pushed out. Bouts of smallpox brought on by the Europeans and pressures of regional trading led the Pequot tribe to attack Wethersfield. Robert Treat of Milford served as governor of the colony, both before and after its inclusion in the Dominion of New England under Sir Edmund Andros. The revenue from gaming has made the Pequots one of America’s most prosperous tribes. Conservative values dominate, which means the entertainment here is rather sedate. In fact, Fathers have the ability to be strict. Pre-Colonization and Settlement (Up Through 1763) The arrival of Europeans to Connecticut shores drastically altered the region's physical and cultural landscape. This interactive section allows students to click on the 13 colonies map to learn about the histories of individual colonies. [2], The economy began with subsistence farming in the 17th century and developed with greater diversity and an increased focus on production for distant markets, especially the British colonies in the Caribbean. After their arrival, several colonies were established including the Colony of Connecticut, Old Saybrooke, Windsor, Hartford, and New Haven. Connecticut - Connecticut - Cultural life: Connecticut provides a variety of landscapes: rocky headlands, beaches, forested hills, and, perhaps most attractive, small towns around tree-dotted village greens. He was also the first Deputy Governor of Connecticut. In 1662, the three colonies were merged under a royal charter, making Connecticut a crown colony. There are countless travel destinations in the state, particularly for people with an obsession with antiques. The majority of Connecticut is Christian, with the largest group Protestants. Connecticut’s creative genius—manifested in such innovators as Eli Whitney, Samuel Colt, and Charles Goodyear —has produced large numbers of significant inventions and patents. This, in turn, created a good relationship between the two. He is credited as drafting the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1650) in collaboration with Hooker, Winthrop, and others. By clicking "Sign Up" or "Sign In with Facebook" I acknowledge and, 3 Ways to Get Wet and Wild in Myrtle Beach, 14 Landmarks That Should Be Considered World Wonders, These Are the Most Peaceful Countries on the Planet, Deserts in Bloom: 6 Spots for Springtime Wildflower Watching, Yoho National Park Is the Most Incredible Place You've Never Heard Of. This was one of the Thirteen Colonies which rejected British rule in the American Revolution. Before the arrival of the first settlers to Connecticut, Robins lived there together with the Native American tribes. The gentry were the elite with the most powers and the slaves were on the bottom rung of society. The New Haven Colony was settled in 1638. With them came their Puritan background. One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. Each colony had laws requiring military training. Home > American History. Founder: Thomas Hooker-Puritan Date Founded: 1636, Became a state February 6, 1788. the colony. Whaling was important to the colonists as it provided oil for lanterns. If Vermont and New Hampshire feel too populated, the unspoken charm of Connecticut may be just the experience you are looking for. The Pequot tribe, however, wanted the land The Year: 1636 Image: Connecticut Tribes Map There were originally many small American Indian tribes in Connecticut, including the Nipmuc, Mohegan, Pequot, and the Niantic. The spirit of Yankee self-determination still dominates much of Connecticut, just as it did in the 1600s when the 13 headstrong colonies entered into an alliance. In 1633, Dutch colonists built a fort and trading post near present-day Hartford but soon lost control to English Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The 18th and 19th centuries were Connecticut’s golden era. Connecticut Colony played a significant role in the establishment of self-government in the New World with its refusal to surrender local authority to the Dominion of New England, an event known as the Charter Oak incident which occurred at Jeremy Adams' inn and tavern. Along the coast, traditional seaports like Mystic Harbor and Madison provide wonderful, historic maritime environments. The Fundamental Orders may have been drafted by Roger Ludlow of Windsor, the only trained lawyer living in Connecticut in the 1630s; they were transcribed into the official record by secretary Thomas Welles. The Pequot War was the first major conflict between the Native American tribes and the Europeans. He was a major general for the Connecticut Militia in the Revolutionary War serving under George Washington. They had immigrated to New England during the Great Migration. Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, the 29th most populous, and the … Many historic farms and villages have been converted into living museums, offering a rare look at the origins of America. The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Orders, considered the first constitutions in America. He argued for a wider number of individuals being given the right to vote. It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. Culture. Fathers are the leaders. Fathers are in control. During the early years of new federal America, Connecticut was a stronghold. To experience the colonial face of Connecticut, you need to venture inland to its tiny historic towns or cruise along the coast to see how little things have changed since the 18th century. The state prospered greatly in the early 1800s, as its seaports like Mystic Harbor boomed with commerce and a textile industry emerged. The Connecticut Colony: Home Historical Facts Colonial Maps Colonial Culture Demographics Historical Facts. Indians used nuts (walnuts, chestnuts, and acorns) that were boiled and mashed, and berries (strawberries, gooseberries, and huckleberries) eaten raw or mixed in … 1634--Wethersfield founded by people from Massachusetts. It was not connected with Connecticut colony. Thomas Hooker and others established Connecticut Colony at Hartford in 1636. They do Fundamental work to teach children skills they need until the age of seven. His son Fitz-John Winthrop also governed the colony for 10 years starting in 1698. The architectural elements used in the Connecticut colonial region: New England. In 1636, Roger Williams, an English Protestant theologian who had been exiled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs, started the first permanent white settlement in the Narragansett Bay naming it ‘Providence’, and turning into a place of refuge for rel… More information about the state’s culture and history can be learned at the Connecticut Historical Society, which is a non-profit educational center with a museum and library. However, the colony was not chartered and many of the competing colonies tried to absorb New Haven. They held Calvinist religious beliefs similar to the English Puritans, but they maintained that their congregations needed to be separated from the English state church. They generally reflected the dominant English heritage and architectural tradition. 1614--Adriaen Block, representing the Dutch, sails up the Connecticut River. Roger Ludlow was an Oxford-educated lawyer and former Deputy Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Thomas Hooker (July 5, 1586 – July 7, 1647) founded the Connecticut Colony after a disagreement with the church leadership in Massachusetts. Colonial Connecticut Records: The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 1636–1776, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Connecticut_Colony&oldid=991548449, States and territories established in 1636, States and territories disestablished in 1776, 1776 disestablishments in the British Empire, Former British colonies and protectorates in the Americas, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, General Court of the Colony of Connecticut, Daniels, Bruce C. "Democracy and Oligarchy in Connecticut Towns-General Assembly Office holding, 1701-1790", Daniels, Bruce C. "Antiquarians and Professionals: The Historians of Colonial Connecticut,", Meyer, Freeman W. "The Evolution of the Interpretation of Economic Life in Colonial Connecticut,", Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States. English Colony During the 1640s and 1650s, more and more English moved into the region. Connecticut Colony was founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker, who led a group of Puritans to built the town that become Hartford. So too did views on the Native Americans who shared their land. The Florence Griswold Museum is at the heart of the arts community, with a history as an art colony and the home of American Impressionism. The Connecticut Colony, like other New England Colonies, was an exporter of rum. The first permanent settlers in Connecticut were English colonists who moved with Thomas Hooker from the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1633. Governor John Haynes of the Massachusetts Bay Colony led 100 people to Hartford in 1636. Hartford quickly became an important center of government and trade. Their research data includes more than 200,000 prints and photographs from its founding as a colony to the modern day, along with an impressive collection of 17th and 18th century furniture, clothing, tavern and trade signs and even … His father Richard Treat was one of the original patentees of the colony. Connecticut's population expanded gradually, and by 1662 the colony included over a dozen towns, including Saybrook, New London, Fairfield, and Norwalk, as well as East Hampton and Southampton on Long Island. [8], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}41°43′05″N 72°45′05″W / 41.71803°N 72.75146°W / 41.71803; -72.75146, English colony in North America (1636-1776), Map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies, List of colonial governors of Connecticut, "The churching of colonial Connecticut: a case study". After the Civil War, the economy remained totally dependent on industrial production. He was also Deputy Governor under Winthrop. Rhode Island was first inhabited by Native Americans of the Wampanoag, Narragansett and Ninantic tribes, but the indigenous population started declining through contracted diseases and warfare when the French began to arrive in the area in 1618. 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