The state was named for the Colorado River, which early Spanish explorers named the Río Colorado ("Red River") for the ruddy silt the river carried from the mountains. Southern, Southwestern, and Southeastern Colorado has a large number of Hispanos, the descendants of the early Mexican settlers of colonial Spanish origin. In the second half of the 20th century, the industrial and service sectors have expanded greatly. The Child Support Services Program oversees child support in Colorado. Colorado Parks and Wildlife is a nationally recognized leader in conservation, outdoor recreation and wildlife management. The Texian Revolt of 1835–36 fomented a dispute between the U.S. and Mexico which eventually erupted into the Mexican–American War in 1846. Colorado is the only U.S. state that lies entirely above 1,000 meters (3,281 ft) in height. The Governor of Colorado heads the state's executive branch. At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, this USS Colorado was located at the naval base in San Diego, Calif. and hence went unscathed. [59], Poor labor conditions and discontent among miners resulted in several major clashes between strikers and the Colorado National Guard, including the 1903-1904 Western Federation of Miners Strike and Colorado Coalfield War, the latter of which included the Ludlow massacre that killed a dozen women and children. Even these fires were exceeded in severity by the Pine Gulch Fire, Cameron Peak Fire and East Troublesome Fire in 2020, all being the three largest fires in Colorado history (see 2020 Colorado wildfires). The North Park is drained by the North Platte River, which flows north into Wyoming and Nebraska. The highest population of Asian Americans can be found on the south and southeast side of Denver, as well as some on Denver's southwest side. Hail is a common sight in the mountains east of the Divide and across the eastern Plains, especially the northeast part of the state. Colorado. The federal government is also a major economic force in the state with many important federal facilities including NORAD (North American Aerospace Defense Command), United States Air Force Academy, Schriever Air Force Base located approximately 10 miles (16 kilometers) east of Peterson Air Force Base, and Fort Carson, both located in Colorado Springs within El Paso County; NOAA, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder; U.S. Geological Survey and other government agencies at the Denver Federal Center near Lakewood; the Denver Mint, Buckley Air Force Base, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, and the Byron G. Rogers Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Denver; and a federal Supermax Prison and other federal prisons near Cañon City. By 2019, Hispanics made up 22% of Colorado's population, and Non-Hispanic Whites made up 70%. [123], On November 6, 2012, voters amended the state constitution to protect "personal use" of marijuana for adults, establishing a framework to regulate marijuana in a manner similar to alcohol. By the U.S. Census in 1930, the population of Colorado first exceeded one million residents. Persons reporting German ancestry are especially numerous in the Front Range, the Rockies (west-central counties), and Eastern parts/High Plains. The federal benefit programs introduced by the CARES Act, including Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) and Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC), expire on December 31, 2020.By law, we cannot pay partial weeks, so the last payable week for benefits under these programs is December 26, 2020.We are awaiting Congressional action on the … Nine Colorado counties have a population in excess of 250,000 each, while eight Colorado counties have a population of less than 2,500 each. Other notable fires include the Fourmile Canyon Fire of 2010, the Waldo Canyon Fire and High Park Fire of June 2012, and the Black Forest Fire of June 2013. There are also a number of scenic highways and mountain passes that helped to feature the open road in films such as Vanishing Point, Bingo and Starman. The Denver Post has reported that "[i]ndividuals living in southeastern Colorado are more vulnerable to potential health effects from climate change than residents in other parts of the state". Colorado has significant hydrocarbon resources. When a state did not report a measure or used non-Core Set specifications, the measure is not included below or in the count of measures reported by the state. Celestial Seasonings herbal teas have been made in Boulder since 1969. Tier III has more than 280 local organizations such as small theaters, orchestras, art centers, and natural history, cultural history, and community groups. ALERT | 21.21.2020 | 8:00 a.m. In addition to these and other federal agencies, Colorado has abundant National Forest land and four National Parks that contribute to federal ownership of 24,615,788 acres (99,617 km2) of land in Colorado, or 37% of the total area of the state. Now Live: Colorado.gov Chatbot . [73] According to the 2000 Census, the largest ancestry groups in Colorado are German (22%) including of Swiss and Austrian nationalities, Mexican (18%), Irish (12%), and English (12%). In addition to its 271 municipalities, Colorado has 187 unincorporated Census Designated Places and many other small communities. Colonel Pike and his men were arrested by Spanish cavalrymen in the San Luis Valley the following February, taken to Chihuahua, and expelled from Mexico the following July. In response to the Governor's COVID-19 Stay at Home Order effective March 26, 2020, DWR staff are working remotely. The Football Stadium District (FD or FTBL), approved by the voters to pay for and help build the, Local Improvement Districts (LID) within designated areas of southeast Jefferson and Boulder counties, The Metropolitan Major League Baseball Stadium District, approved by voters to pay for and help build the, Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) taxes at varying rates in Basalt, Carbondale, Glenwood Springs, Gunnison County. When state revenues exceed state constitutional limits, according to Colorado's Taxpayer Bill of Rights legislation, full-year Colorado residents can claim a sales tax refund on their individual state income tax return. The Republicans are strongest in the Eastern Plains, Colorado Springs, Greeley, and far Western Colorado near Grand Junction. About 75% of the precipitation falls within the growing season, from April to September, but this area is very prone to droughts. Uranium mining in Colorado goes back to 1872, when pitchblende ore was taken from gold mines near Central City, Colorado. Get help finding answers to your State Agency online services questions at the bottom right-hand corner of this homepage. Two of these counties, the City and County of Denver and the City and County of Broomfield, have consolidated city and county governments. [86] Significant, contributing factors to the decline in pregnancies were the Title X Family Planning Program and an Intrauterine device grant from Warren Buffett's family.[88][89]. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. The tax break was scheduled to return for assessment year 2006, payable in 2007. Former Military installations and outposts include: Colorado is home to 4 national parks, 8 national monuments, 2 national recreation areas, 2 national historic sites, 3 national historic trails, a national scenic trail, 11 national forests, 2 national grasslands, 42 national wilderness areas, 2 national conservation areas, 8 national wildlife refuges, 44 state parks, 307 state wildlife areas, and numerous other scenic, historic, and recreational areas. The election of Abraham Lincoln for the President of the United States on November 6, 1860, led to the secession of nine southern slave states and the threat of civil war among the states. The Division of Housing (DOH) partners with local communities to create housing opportunities for Coloradans who face the greatest challenges to accessing affordable, safe, and secure homes. [111], Colorado is open to cannabis (marijuana) tourism. [19] The southwest corner of Colorado is the Four Corners Monument at 36°59′56″N, 109°2′43″W. Taxation. A number of nationally known brand names have originated in Colorado factories and laboratories. [100] Boulder, and Colorado in general, is home to a number of national food and beverage companies, top-tier restaurants and farmers' markets. The South Park of Colorado is the region of the headwaters of the South Platte River. At times, the Arapaho Nation and the Cheyenne Nation moved west to hunt across the High Plains. [29] The average July temperature is 55 °F (13 °C) in the morning and 90 °F (32 °C) in the afternoon. In percentages, Colorado has the 6th-highest percentage of Mexican-Americans, behind New Mexico, California, Texas, Arizona, and Nevada. Colorado (/ˌkɒləˈrædoʊ, -ˈrɑːdoʊ/ (listen), other variants)[8][9][10] is a state in the western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. This has led to a hodgepodge of sales tax and property tax rates in Colorado. The region that is today the state of Colorado has been inhabited by Native Americans for more than 13,000 years. Phone: 303-866-3300 Interstate 25 (I-25) is the primary north–south highway in the state, connecting Pueblo, Colorado Springs, Denver, and Fort Collins, and extending north to Wyoming and south to New Mexico. Tax is collected by the Colorado Department of Revenue. Please note that we are not a state agency, State Employee Directory [12] The original boundaries of Colorado remain unchanged except for government survey amendments. The area of Colorado to the west of the Continental Divide is called the Western Slope of Colorado. Colorado's contribution to world railroad history was forged principally by the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad which began in 1870 and wrote the book on mountain railroading. The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has defined one combined statistical area (CSA),[149] seven Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[150] and seven Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)[151] in the state of Colorado. Within the interior of the Rocky Mountains are several large parks which are high broad basins. The Western Slope includes multiple notable destinations in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, including Glenwood Springs, with its resort hot springs, and the ski resorts of Aspen, Breckenridge, Vail, Crested Butte, Steamboat Springs, and Telluride. Microclimates also exist in local areas that run nearly the entire spectrum of climates, including subtropical highland (Cfb/Cwb), humid subtropical (Cfa), humid continental (Dfa/Dfb), Mediterranean (Csa/Csb) and subarctic (Dfc). [90] There is one Native Coloradan language still spoken in Colorado, Colorado River Numic (Ute). Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics | Pew Research Center", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", https://stateofchildhoodobesity.org/adult-obesity/, "Fattest States 2010: CalorieLab's Annual Obesity Map—State Obesity Rankings | CalorieLab—Health News & Information Blog", "Inequalities in Life Expectancy Among US Counties, 1980 to 2014", "Scenic Memorabilia: Colorado's Film Locations", "America's Foodiest Town 2010: Boulder, Colorado: In the Magazine", "Master Class: The Coloradans who've passed the Master Sommelier test that 97 percent fail", "As Skiers Depart Aspen, Chowhounds Take Their Place", "The Jefferson Cup Invitational Wine Competition", "Wine Industry Feature Articles—Is Colorado the New Washington? [135] [142] Substantial deposits of bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite coal are found in the state. Tier I includes regional organizations: the Denver Art Museum, the Denver Botanic Gardens, the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, the Denver Zoo, and the Denver Center for the Performing Arts. Most American settlers traveling overland west to the Oregon Country, the new goldfields of California, or the new Mormon settlements of the State of Deseret in the Salt Lake Valley, avoided the rugged Southern Rocky Mountains, and instead followed the North Platte River and Sweetwater River to South Pass (Wyoming), the lowest crossing of the Continental Divide between the Southern Rocky Mountains and the Central Rocky Mountains. The militia returned to Denver City in triumph, but several officers reported that the so-called battle was a blatant massacre of Indians at peace, that most of the dead were women and children, and that bodies of the dead had been hideously mutilated and desecrated. Help. Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory made its first candy in Durango in 1981. A little less than half of Colorado is flat and rolling land. On This Page. An 11-member board of directors oversees the distributions in accordance with the Colorado Revised Statutes. The Ancient Pueblo peoples lived in the valleys and mesas of the Colorado Plateau. [124] The first recreational marijuana shops in Colorado, and by extension the United States, opened their doors on January 1, 2014.[125]. Three warships of the U.S. Navy have been named the USS Colorado. This point, which holds the distinction of being the highest low elevation point of any state,[4][23] is higher than the high elevation points of 18 states and the District of Columbia. Colorado became the first western state to host a major political convention when the Democratic Party met in Denver in 1908. Email The federal government of the U.S. flatly refused to recognize the new Mormon government, because it was theocratic and sanctioned plural marriage. Kuner canned vegetables began in Brighton in 1864. A magnitude 5.7 earthquake was recorded in 1973. The Rio Grande drains due south into New Mexico, Mexico, and Texas. As directed by statute, SCFD recipient organizations are currently divided into three "tiers" among which receipts are allocated by percentage. The total state product in 2015 was $318,600 million. The Four Corners Monument in the southwest corner of Colorado marks the common boundary of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah; the only such place in the United States. [134] The state's economy broadened from its mid-19th-century roots in mining when irrigated agriculture developed, and by the late 19th century, raising livestock had become important. A hastily organized force of Colorado volunteers force-marched from Denver City, Colorado Territory, to Glorieta Pass, New Mexico Territory, in an attempt to block the Texans. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Even if you missed the deadline for private health insurance, you may still be able to get covered. 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