An empire arose in the steppes of Mongolia in the thirteenth century that forever changed the map of the world, opened intercontinental trade, spawned new nations, changed the course of leadership in two religions, and impacted history indirectly in a myriad of other ways. Genghis Khan was born around 1162 CE and was largely responsible for the Mongols' near world-conquest. However, a quirk of history and personality produced the third factor, which led the Mongols to invade lands from Russia and Poland to Syria and Iraq. Over time, much of the Mongols' influence has become more of a background to other historical developments. In terms of conquered territory, only Alexander ever surpassed Genghis. However, one area that the Mongol invasions have continued to affect is demographics. The Mongol Empire in World History Timothy May North Georgia College and State University : World History and the Mongols. The personality in question was that of Shah Ala ad-Din Muhammad, ruler of the Khwarezmid Empire in what is now Iran , Turkmenistan , Uzbekistan , and Kyrgyzstan. Important trades shifted away from the Silk Road, and the New World gained a greater significance in the global economy. The suspension of literary examinations, the exclusion of Chinese from higher offices, and the resulting frustration of the former ruling class of scholar-officials led to a sort of intellectual eremitism. The Mongol Empire was very important in regard to world history. Mongol Empire – A Missed Opportunity for the World In the end, the Mongols' Golden Horde ruled over a vast swath of eastern Europe, and rumors of their approach terrified western Europe, but they went no farther west than Hungary. History of the Mongols under Genghis Khan. Indians barely avoided being … The most famous of the mongol's was Genghis Khan who united the nomadic mongol tribes and died undefeated in battle after an impressive series of victories. This is a pretty amazing moment in world history. The Mongols also tried to capture Poland and Germany, but Ogodei's death in 1241 and the succession struggle that followed distracted them from this mission. Until the Mongols, of course. The grandson of Genghis Khan and the leader of the largest empire ever assembled in human history issues an open invitation to the Pope in Rome to come help Westernize and Christianize the remaining known world of the time. The Arab Empire was at its glorious heights with Baghdad being the world’s greatest city. Despite this, the mongol empire, over time, became larger, encompassing Mongolia, china, Siam, India and most of Persia. 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