Cadmium (Cd) is a soft, malleable, bluish white metal found in zinc ores, and to a much lesser extent, in the cadmium mineral greenockite. Cadmium is a naturally occurring metal. Most of the cadmium produced today is obtained from zinc byproducts and recovered from spent nickel-cadmium batteries. With cadmium poisoning, however, symptoms may arise hours after you’re exposed. On the other hand, some of the most harmful symptoms of cadmium poisoning include: Anemia — Like any other heavy metal, cadmium can lead to anemia. CADMIUM POISONING. Cadmium is used for many items, including electroplating, storage batteries, vapor lamps and in some solders. Various forms of cadmium poisoning have been documented in the literature. In the body it can enter through the respiratory or digestive system. This happens if you get a high dose at one time, like in a chemical accident in a factory or after a child swallows a toy made with lead. Recent animal studies have shown that cadmium poisoning alone is not enough to elicit all of the symptoms of itai-itai disease. Some of the more common symptoms of cadmium poisoning include: headache, vomiting, and fatigue. Chronic cadmium poisoning from the consumption of food occurred in the 1950s in cadmium-polluted areas in Japan. Cadmium is a metal byproduct of mining that is toxic to most organisms. Cadmium poisoning, toxic effects of cadmium or its compounds on body tissues and functions. Cadmium is a heavy metal that is toxic and dangerous substance for human. or beverage containers. Either short-term or long-term exposure to cadmium can cause serious health problems. Poisoning may result from the ingestion of an acid food or drink prepared in a cadmium-lined vessel (e.g., lemonade served from cadmium-plated cans).Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and prostration usually occur within 15 minutes after ingestion and subside within 24 hours. If you have acute heavy metal poisoning — meaning you were … The symptoms and treatment of poisoning by cadmium. Acute poisoning. Nausea and Vomiting. This type of acute poisoning sometimes results when an acidic food or beverage is stored in a container lined with a cadmium glaze and the cadmium leeches into the food or beverage, explains the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. History Overexposure may cause fatigue, headaches, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, and fever. The onset of symptoms may be delayed for two to four hours after exposure. Acute poisoning, depending on the mode of exposure, can cause life-threatening respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms in the absence of immediate supportive therapy, while chronic toxicity, mostly through occupational exposure may lead to renal failure, osteomalacia and increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. Intoxication with this metal occurs in the form of severe poisoning, long-term contact with it develop chronic lesions of the body. Cadmium toxicity occurs when a person breathes in high levels of cadmium from the air, or eats food or drinks water containing high levels of cadmium. Acute cadmium poisoning is rare but gastrointestinal symptoms have been described after consuming food or drinks contaminated by cadmium from cooking utensils, solders in water pipes. It is usually present in the environment as a mineral combined with other elements like oxygen, chlorine, or sulfur. Ingestion of a large dose of cadmium can cause severe gastrointestinal effects. These studies are pointing to damage of the mitochondria of kidney cells by cadmium as a key factor of the disease.
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