On the other hand, if you underfeed your worms for too long, then they will eventually start to die. Even if you don’t have a big backyard—or a yard at all—it’s possible for you to compost. He knows exactly what the challenges are to nurturing a thriving yard in difficult soil. A healthy worm composting bin should have an “earthy” smell. There are tools on the market designed specifically to help you with compost aeration, and of course, those do the trick. The bacteria that break down leaves, grass clippings and other yard waste into compost need air to function. Privacy Policy. I see that a lot of the DIY(do it yourself) worm bin composters on the internet recommend putting in drainage holes. The answer to this question varies from worm to worm. Compost needs air circulation, so lots of holes are needed in the container. Piles need as much air as you need, and though that sounds like a snide remark, it is really just meant to point out that these natural processes all evolved in a standard atmosphere. As you can see, air holes necessary are a vital part of any worm bin. To make sure your bin is properly ventilated, you will need to make sure you create an adequate number of air holes in each side and in the lid. Holes in a compost bin don’t need to be big. Now you need to know how to fill it with worms. For this reason aerobic composting is favoured by some people. Sooner or later your compost will get moist. Yes, def pro composting, but these plastic bins with holes get water in them and become a stinky watery mess. Decomposing organisms use up initial air supplies quickly. Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds. Yes! Here's how to get started. Worm bins need air holes to provide ventilation for the worms to breathe. The soil you will acquire from your worms will be filled with natural nutrients that will help your plants or even your lawn to thrive. Open-air bins do better in the shade because direct sunshine can dry them out quickly. This is important because putting the wrong items in your bin can cause it to have odors and those air holes can also allow unpleasant smells to be released. The bacteria that break down leaves, grass clippings and other yard waste into compost need air to function. This allows for fresh air (with oxygen) to move into the compost, and it also allows excess water to drain out. At that point, composting grinds to a halt and the bacteria that don’t need air to function kick into gear. Every now and then turn the pile for air flow to speed up the biodegrating process. The above necessities might seem like a lot of work, but I’ve found that if you take the time to set up your worm bin properly in the beginning, it should mostly take care of itself after that. It isn’t like having a regular old compost pile and compost worms are generally not the same worms you find under the soil in your yard. Holes in the bottom of the worm bin provide drainage, in case the environment becomes too moist. One 50-gallon drum will turn your family’s food scraps into rich, usable soil before the growing season is over. Without proper airflow in the worm bin, the worms will essentially get poisoned to death from the carbon dioxide that is excreted from their bodies. The open-air system can be a bay combination or a bin upturned on the ground with aeration holes in the side. Complete this step outside, as the drilling can create a mess. Good airflow is one of the secrets to successful composting. Worm bins used in vermicomposting are becoming more popular in today’s society. water must get out of there also. A sufficient supply of oxygen also helps to keep anaerobic matter from rotting the compost. That’s it for building the worm composting bin. He takes a practical approach to yard improvement and enjoys putting best practices and “golden rules of lawn care” to the test. Having plenty of holes in compost bins will ensure that there’s enough air movement. A compost pile that is working well will produce temperatures of 140-160˚F. Remember also that the foods you add can significantly increase the amount of moisture in the bin. They do not have lungs like humans do, but they breathe oxygen and diffuse carbon dioxide out through their skin. Thriving Yard is a privately owned website. link to How to Keep Crabgrass Out of Flower Beds, link to 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds, one of the best methods of indoor composting, Red wiggler compost worms will eat slightly molded or rotting foods, shredded cardboard and paper and they’ll eat that too, Citrus fruits (affects pH of the bin so I recommend avoiding this). Or gets soaking wet, those do the trick for under $ 50 air, and the bacteria break. 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